Evil Twin Attack
Table of Contents
In this comprehensive guide we will explore the concept of Evil Twin Attack in WiFi hacking by understanding its step-by-step methodology with the help of an example, tools used and prevention strategies in cyber security.
What is an Evil Twin Attack?
An Evil Twin attack is a type of Wi-Fi attack where the attacker sets up a rogue Wi-Fi network that appears identical to a legitimate network. Unsuspecting users connect to this deceptive network, allowing the attacker to intercept their data, steal sensitive information, or inject malware.
This is typically done in areas with public Wi-Fi, such as cafes, airports, or hotels. The name "Evil Twin" comes from the fact that the rogue network is a malicious double of the legitimate one.
How Does it Work?
Generally, the steps involved in carrying out an evil twin attack include:
1. Setting Up a Fake Access Point (AP)
The attacker deploys a wireless access point that imitates a legitimate one. This is often done using a laptop or a portable device capable of broadcasting a Wi-Fi signal.
2. Matching SSID and Signal Strength
The SSID (Service Set Identifier) of the evil twin AP is set to match that of a legitimate network nearby. The signal strength is often boosted to make it appear more attractive or reliable to potential victims.
3. Luring Victims
Users searching for Wi-Fi networks may inadvertently connect to the evil twin network, thinking it is the legitimate one.
4. Interception and Attack
Once a user connects, the attacker can monitor and intercept transmitted data. This can include login credentials, credit card information, emails, and other sensitive data. The attacker can also direct users to malicious websites or inject malware into their device.
Imagine being in a coffee shop where the legitimate Wi-Fi network is named "CoffeeShop_Guest". An attacker sets up a rogue network with the name "CoffeeShop_Guest_Free". Unaware customers connect to the rogue network, thinking it's a free version of the shop's Wi-Fi. The attacker then uses tools like Wireshark to intercept the data passing through the network, capturing sensitive information from the connected users.
Tools Used in Evil Twin Attacks
Some of the most common tools used by hackers to carry out such WiFi attacks include:
1. Wi-Fi Adapters with Packet Injection
Specialized Wi-Fi adapters capable of packet injection and network monitoring are essential.
2. Network Spoofing Software
Tools like Airbase-ng, part of the Aircrack-ng suite, are used to create fake access points.
3. Network Sniffing Tools
4. MITM (Man-In-The-Middle) Tools
Tools like BetterCAP or MITMf are used for intercepting and manipulating network traffic.
5. Hostapd and Dnsmasq
For more sophisticated attacks, combining hostapd (to create the AP) and dnsmasq (for DNS and DHCP services) can be used.
Preventing Evil Twin Attacks
Some effective methods of prevention include:
1. Verify Network Authenticity
Always verify the legitimacy of a Wi-Fi network before connecting. Avoid networks with suspiciously similar names or those that don't require a password.
2. Use VPN
A Virtual Private Network (VPN) encrypts your internet traffic, preventing attackers from easily reading your data.
3. Avoid Sensitive Transactions
Refrain from performing sensitive operations like online banking or shopping on public Wi-Fi networks.
4. Use of HTTPS
Ensure websites use HTTPS, which encrypts data between your browser and the web server for secure communication.
An Evil Twin attack is a significant security threat, particularly in environments with public Wi-Fi access. Awareness and education, combined with technical safeguards like VPNs, updated security protocols, and regular network monitoring, are key to protecting against such attacks.